How does a heat pump work?
A heat pump is one of the heating devices that return energy obtained from the environment to the central heating and domestic hot water installations. A heat pump is an ecological source of heat, obtaining up to 75% of energy from the natural environment. This means that it not only allows us to heat the house, but also contributes to reducing pollutant emissions into the environment.
Purpose of heat pumps
There are many ways to heat an apartment building. One of them is heating using a heat pump.
A heat pump, just like a gas boiler or a boiler powered by another fossil fuel, heats water (or other heating medium), which subsequently gives off heat in the installation. And thus – it heats the entire building.
The difference occurs in the way the heating medium is heated. The heat pump obtains energy from the natural environment. Using partly electricity, it converts heat for central heating and hot water for use by household members.
The efficiency of a heat pump depends on how energy is obtained from the natural environment. Devices that obtain heat from the air are very popular, due to their efficiency. These are called air-to-water heat pumps.
Air-to-water heat pumps can operate autonomously even at outside temperatures as low as -28°C.
In other words, the main purpose of heat pumps is to obtain energy from the natural environment, its transformation, transport and its subsequent transfer to the heating system. This process is called the transfer of energy from the lower source to the upper source, which creates the right temperature inside the entire building.
Advantages of heat pumps:
- low operating costs
- no storage of additional fuel
- the possibility of resigning from the chimney
What are the types of heat pumps?
Heat pumps can be divided into lower and upper sources. The lower source indicates the place where the device draws energy. Such a place is air, ground or groundwater.
The upper source, on the other hand, are heat emitters, i.e. points to which the accumulated heat is released. As an example, we can give here air vents, radiators or underfloor heating.
Bearing in mind the different types of lower source, pumps can be divided into:
- ground source heat pumps
- water-to-water heat pumps
- air-to-water heat pumps
Heat pumps are a dream way to heat a residential house – it is ecological, maintenance-free and with low investment.
At BHS Eco Homes, we provide professional installation of heat pumps so that our customers can enjoy ecological heating of the building for many years.